Nofoaga is a Republic and officially has no party systems, with the exception of the Mouvement des Gentilles and Nofoeaga Aoma. The National Assembly, as the parliament is officially called, has 17 seats and is divided by constituency. The country has a president as head of state. The president is also the head of government and is elected by the MPs.
The distribution of seats per constituency is based on the population of the constituencies:
- Royaume-de-France: 7
- Tuagavale: 3
- Moine Marquette: 3
- Joséphine and Barama: 2
- Port Beauharnais: 1
- Fort d'Espagne: 1
Elections are held every three years for the 17 seats. Until August 2021, the parliament automatically gave two seats to the indigenous tribes of the island.
The presidency in Nofoaga is conferred by a two-thirds majority vote in the National Assembly. All representatives of the people can nominate one or more candidates. Officially, there is no term for the presidency, but because parliamentary elections are held every three years, the island will de facto receive a new head of state every three years.
The political system in Nofoaga has no vice-presidency. When the president is unable to perform his or her duties, the presidency passes temporary to the president of the National Assembly.
In recent years, no president has lasted more than a year and a half. That's because of a law that states that if a legal complaint is filed, the president must resign. The last three presidents came to power this way. Work is underway to repeal this law and establish immunity as long as a head of state or member of parliament exercises his or her public function.
The government of the Republic of Nofoaga consists of the President and the ministers designated by him or her. These ministers must also be accepted by a majority in parliament.
The cabinet consists of 5 to 7 ministers and the president. The president can also take up ministerial posts. Nofoaga has 18 ministries:
- Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Resources
- Ministry of Civil Aviation
- Ministry of Culture & Tourism
- Ministry of Customs & Caribbean Cooperation
- Ministry of Finance and Sustainable Development
- Ministry of Fisheries & Marine Resources
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Trade and European Affairs
- Ministry of Health
- Ministry of Home Affairs
- Ministry of Island Development & Industry
- Ministry of Justice
- Ministry of Public Service
- Ministry of Public Works
- Ministry of Sports
- Ministry of Telecommunications
- Ministry of Transport
- Ministry of Women's Affairs
- Ministry of Youth Affairs
Association with the Kingdom of Spain and the Caribbean Common Community Commission
Nofoaga is dependent on another country for its defense. The constitution prohibits the possession of a military force. Since 2020, the defense of the island and its inhabitants is the responsibility of the Kingdom of Spain. For this purpose, the agreement of the "Free Military Association" was signed between the two countries. Nofoaga offers in exchange several hectares of land that Spain uses as a military base. These pieces of land fall under Spanish law but are an integral part of the territory of Nofoaga. Nofoaganese can therefore also be part of the Spanish army.
Nofoaga works closely with neighboring Gadalland & Aspern through the Caribbean Common Community Commission. For example, the two countries have no de facto borders with each other, citizens of both countries can reside in both countries without further ado, there is a unified economic space, they jointly regulate immigration to the region and speak with one voice when it comes to the European Union, on issues such as climate. Nofoaga and Gadalland & Aspern will also use the same currency in the near future, under a common monetary policy with one central bank.